* SAFEX REPEATER OPEN *                                                        
=======================                                                        
The 70-cm FM voice repeater operating on the Russian space station Mir is      
now open for general use.  The repeater operates with an input frequency       
of 435.750 MHz and requires a CTCSS tone of 141.3 Hz for access.  The          
repeater output is on a frequency of 437.950 MHz, and the callsign is          
RR0DL.                                                                         
                                                                               
The SAFEX voice recorder beacon is expected to be in operation next week       
using a downlink frequency of 437.925 MHz.                                     
                                                                               
Dave Larsen, N6JLH reports working the repeater with 25-watts of transmitter   
power and a 35-element yagi antenna.  He has not been able to operate the      
repeater with a mobile transceiver and a 5/8-wave whip antenna, even on a      
75 degree elevation pass.                                                      
                                                                               
Dave reminds us that Mir is a rapidly moving spacecraft, so all SAFEX          
contacts should be as short as possible.  Also be sure to consider the         
+/- 10 kHz of Doppler shift that is typical of LEO satellite operation         
on the 70-cm band.                                                             
                                                                               
------------

437.925 MHz from the MIR space station on the weekend July 13./14., 1996:      
                                                                               
"Thanks for the Radio SAFEX, we just turned it on and the best wishes          
from the crew of MIR 21. Hope this is of use to you. Many thanks               
for the experiment."                                                           
                                                                               
Herewith we have reached the first result of our work on the SAFEX project.    
Since the construction and the installation on the space station MIR is        
finished successfully, we now verify the different modes of the equipment.     
                                                                               
The first contact in the QSO-mode was between W5RRR and the MIR station        
and the first contact between ground stations via the SAFEX repeater           
were IV3WLQ, LY3BH and DF0VR.                                                  
                                                                               
Two very important things:                                                     
For working via the repeater you must use CTCSS tones. We will publish         
the CTCSS tones after checkout. The Doppler-shift is plus/minus 10 KHz, that   
means in the begin and the                                                     
end of all passes you have a difference of 20 KHz referred to the normal       
frequency.   The international amateur radio community always tries to use also
the                                                                            
manned space flight missions. Thus far, this has occurred on several           
American and Russian space missions. Years ago the Russians installed          
an amateur radio station at the MIR space station. T                           
 SCREEN DUMP    VT-100    FDX   4800 N81  LOG CLOSED  PRT OFF  CR    CR 
were very generous. That can be seen from a payload of  30 kilogram,           
three external antennas and an electrical power of 50 Watts/24 hours with      
peaks up to 300 Watts for a maximum of 2 hours/day. The technical              
demands for all parts of the equipment are very high.  What does not           
correspond is not going to be launched. In addition there was a tight time     
table for the realization of the project.                                      
                                                                               
Concept                                                                        
=======                                                                        
The equipment for the RRODL consists of two main parts with several            
additional devices.                                                            
Radio equipment in the 430 MHz band: Duplex with a 2.2 MHz                     
frequency shift, modified as communication system for the MIR crew.            
Radio equipment in the L/S-band: Uplink 23 cm, downlink 12                     
cm, designed as an experimental system, transponder operation,                 
amateur television (ATV), and future experiments.                              
                                                                               
There exists already a 2 meter amateur radio station on the MIR space          
station. It is, however, installed into another module of the station. It is   
planned to install a 144 MHz-radio, which will be switched by a duplexes,      
in order to make operation possible from RR0DL on 2 m or crossband.            
----------------------                                                                               
                                                                               
Tips                                                                           
                                                                               
1.  Bewaehrt hat sich das Verfahren Empfangsfrequenz,                          
    Sendefrequenz, bezw. Shift und CTCSS-Ton in Stufen von                     
    2 kHz abzuspeichern. Der Betrieb wird dann mit                             
    Weiterschalten der Speicherkanaele entsprechend der                        
    Dopplerangaben eines Sat-Programmes durchgefuehrt.                         
                                                                               
        CH      Rx (MHz)        Tx (MHZ)  oder  Shift (MHz)                    
        10      437.959         435.741         2.218                          
        11      437.957         435.743         2.214                          
        12      437.955         435.745         2.210                          
        13      437.953         435.747         2.206                          
        14      437.951         435.749         2.202                          
        15      437.949         435.751         2.198                          
        16      437.947         435.753         2.194                          
        17      437.945         435.755         2.190                          
        18      437.943         435.757         2.186                          
        19      437.941         435.759         2.182                          
                                                                               
2.  Die Flugbahn der MIR geht mal suedlich und mal noerdlich                   
    bezueglich der Bodnstation durch. Da die Rotoren auf 0 oder                
    180 Grad ihren Anschlag haben,                                             

  ftp://ftp.amsat.org/amsat/satinfo/(nome sat?)
  http://www.amsat.org/amsat/

Telemetry is archived at:
  ftp://ftp.amsat.org/amsat/satinfo/(sat ?)/telemetry/
                                                                               
    DF0VR ausgezeichnet bewaehrt.                                              
                                                                               
  **********************************************************                   
  *   S_pace          SAFEX Team                           *                   
  *   A_mateur        HAM RADIO GROUP (DF0VR) in der       *                   
  *   F_unk           Deutschen Forschungsanstalt          *                   
  *   E               fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt             *                   
  *   X_periment      D-82234 Wessling / Oberpfaffenhofen  *                   
  *                                                        *                   
  *   DF0VR           Packet: DF0VR@DB0AAB.#BA..DEU.EU     *                   
  *                   e-mail: HAMS.DF0VR@DLR.DE            *                   
  **********************************************************                   
  * SAFEX-Projektleiter Thomas Kieselbach, DL2MDE          *                   
  * Packet: DL2MDE@DB0AAB.#BAY.DEU.EU                      *                   
  * e-mail: THOMAS.KIESELBACH@DLR.DE                       *                   
  *                                                        *                   
  * SAFEX-Internationaler Koordinator Joerg Hahn, DL3LUM   *                   
  * Packet: DL3LUM@DB0AAB.#BAY.DEU.EU                      *                   
  * e-mail: JOERG.HAHN@DLR.DE                              *                   
  **********************************************************                   

                                                                               
          TIME ORBIT REVOLUTION (summary)   MIR Complex 16609                  
              (Period day= 107th 1996 to day= 207th 1996)                      
                                                                               
       revolution/day                                                          
          I                                                                    
 15.5500  I                                                                    
          I                                                                    
 15.5600  I                                                                    
          I                                                                    
 15.5700  I                                                                    
          I                                                                    
 15.5800  I ----___________                                                    
          I                ------------______                                  
          I                                  I                                 
 15.6000  I                                  I________                         
          I                                                                    
          I                                                                    
 15.6500  I                                                       Epoch time   
          I________x___________x___________x__________x__________x_______      
                  May         Jun         Jul        Aug        Sep            
                                                                               
                                                                               
Docking STS-76: 96 Mar 24                                                      
Dockin modulo PRIRODA  24 apr
AGGiustamento orbita 3 giugno
docking PROGRESS navetta  luglio 96
  
**************************** POCA MEMORIA... *******************************
Chiunque sarebbe portato a pensare che una navetta spaziale debba essere
zeppa di Pentium e lastricata di RAM! Invece le caratteristiche degli
ordinatori di bordo dello Shuttle (ce ne sono cinque), sono del tipo IBM AP
101S con soli 256k di memoria volatile di cui solo 128 vengono
effettivamente utilizzati. Da loro dipendono l'accensione dei motori, la
separazione dei razzi e il controllo della nave al suo rientro. Cio' e'
possibile perche' ogni operazione dipende da specifici pacchetti di
software che vengono caricati, di volta in volta, ad ogni specifica esigenza.
Naturalmente l'hardware risponde a caratteristiche di robustezza e
schermatura particolarmente sofisticate.
: TUTTI@ITA


Salve , so che non e' una novita' ma vorrei ricordare che in questi giorni
il satellite russo Mir effettua passaggi sull' Europa che iniziano prima
dell'alba. In condizioni di cielo sereno e quando il passaggio avviene
nella fascia tra le 4 e le 5 , e' sicuramente visibile a occhio nudo.
Appare molto luminoso sin dalle basse inclinazioni ed e' visibile per
quasi tutto l'arco che percorre sopra l'orizzonte.
La velocita' apparente rispetto all'osservatore e' di gran lunga maggiore
di quella apparente di un comune aereo di linea pertanto non dovreste
avere dubbi (mancano anche le luci strobo colorate , hi).
Con un comune programma di tracking come Instantrack e' possibile calcolare
i passaggi piu' favorevoli.

Ecco un breve riassunto realizzato con itpass che ricava la seguente tabella
dal file it.orb di Instantrack.
I dati sono realtivi al mio loc JN64GB ma per il resto dell'Italia
possono essere poco differenti (dal momento che si tratta di osservazioni
a occhio).
Ho evidenziato in maiuscolo i passaggi ottimali per la circostanza di
visibilita' piu' probabile.


ITPASS: InstantTrack AOS/LOS Finder Version 0.81
Copyright 1989-1993 Paul Williamson, KB5MU

Passes starting:    22 Jul 96 13:40:04 loc

    Satellite         AOS Time (loc)      LOS Time (loc)    Max El
==================  ==================  ==================  ======
mir                 23 Jul 96 02:38:15  23 Jul 96 02:45:45     7
MIR                 23 Jul 96 04:12:11  23 Jul 96 04:22:34    61
mir                 23 Jul 96 05:48:28  23 Jul 96 05:58:38    29
mir                 23 Jul 96 07:25:19  23 Jul 96 07:35:09    21
mir                 23 Jul 96 09:01:37  23 Jul 96 09:12:01    40
mir                 23 Jul 96 10:37:41  23 Jul 96 10:47:51    32
mir                 23 Jul 96 12:15:29  23 Jul 96 12:20:17     2
-----------------------------------------------------------------
mir                 24 Jul 96 01:41:38  24 Jul 96 01:45:00     1
mir                 24 Jul 96 03:13:28  24 Jul 96 03:23:23    28
MIR                 24 Jul 96 04:49:08  24 Jul 96 04:59:30    43
mir                 24 Jul 96 06:25:57  24 Jul 96 06:35:48    21
mir                 24 Jul 96 08:02:30  24 Jul 96 08:12:39    28
mir                 24 Jul 96 09:38:33  24 Jul 96 09:49:03    69
mir                 24 Jul 96 11:15:12  24 JuW2BSF        Da: IW2BSF
Data: 0724/0920             Dim:13484
Stato: PN                   Bid: 31860_IW2GUR
Titolo: "CP IW2BSF: SAFEX Repeater on bord MIR"

Original from DF0VR to SAT@WW
Path: !IW2FPO!IK2UUB!I2SIP!IK2HDG!I4UKI!IV3AVQ!S50BBS!S50BOX!OE3XBS!OE6XHG!
      !HG1KZC!HA1VH!OE1XGR!OK0PBX!OE3XSR!DB0WGS!DB0PV!DB0AAB!
From: DF0VR @ DB0AAB.#BAY.DEU.EU  (Dlr)
To  : SAT @ WW
X-Info: No uplink password

The SAFEX II Station Call RR0DL
=============================== 
is now working on bord of the Russian Space Station MIR
=======================================================


With the following words Shannon Lucid gave a message on the frequency 
437.925 MHz from the MIR space station on the weekend July 13./14., 1996: 

"Thanks for the Radio SAFEX, we just turned it on and the best wishes 
from the crew of MIR 21. Hope this is of use to you. Many thanks 
for the experiment."

Herewith we have reached the first result of our work on the SAFEX project. 
Since the construction and the installation on the space station MIR is 
finished successfully, we now verify the different modes of the equipment. 

The first contact in the QSO-mode was between W5RRR and the MIR station 
and the first contact between ground stations via the SAFEX repeater 
were IV3WLQ, LY3BH and DF0VR. 

Two very important things: 
For working via the repeater you must use CTCSS tones. We will publish 
the CTCSS tones after checkout.
The Doppler-shift is plus/minus 10 kHz, that means in the begin and the 
end of all passes you have a difference of 20 kHz referred to the normal 
frequency.    

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+ The Amateur Radio Space Experiment SAFEX II             +
+ New Amateur Radio Station RR0DL in Space Station MIR    +
+                                                         +
+                      by Thomas Kieselbach, DL2MDE       +
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++er to accommodate curreIn the past there has been participation of radio amateurs during several 
German space missions:

1985: DP0SL at the first German Spacelab-Mission;
1992: DP1MIR at the Russian-German Mission MIR-92;
1993: DP0SL at the second German Spacelab-Mission;
1994: DP3MIR at the Russian-ESA Misson EUROMIR 94;
1995: DP0MIR at the Russian-ESA Mission EUROMIR 95.

In 1993 first discussions and negotiations with the Russian partners 
(NPO Energia) and the Russian radio amateurs took place, which led to 
an agreement in March 1994 concerning a  new HAM-radio-station on 
MIR. In May 1994 DARA promised to participate on financing the 
project. In August 1994 an agreement between the partners was signed 
for the start of RR0DL in late summer 1995 (postponed to spring 1996). 


Project Requirements
====================
The experience of earlier missions showed that astronauts and 
cosmonauts are very busy and overloaded with work. Therefore the new 
equipment must offer technical arrangements which permit amateur radio 
activities without active crew operation. In amateur radio one is 
concerned with many technical areas. The new equipment will satisfy the 
desire for both communication and experiments. 

The conception on the Russian side had to be fulfilledin detail, but they 
were very generous. That can be seen from a payload of  30 kilogram, 
three external antennas and an electrical power of 50 Watts/24 hours with 
peaks up to 300 Watts for a maximum of 2 hours/day. The technical 
demands for all parts of the equipment are very high.  What does not 
correspond is not going to be launched. In addition there was a tight time 
table for the realization of the project. 

Concept
=======
The equipment for the RRODL consists of two main parts with several 
additinal devices. 
Radio equipment in the 430 MHz band: Duplex with a 2.2 MHz 
frequency shift, modifivo ad avere una
buona   ricezione   del  segnale  che  alcuni  ponti  ripetitori  emanavano
nell'etere....non parliamo poi di impegnarli..!!!


Joerg)
To  : SAT @ WW
X-Info: No uplink password

Hello MIR community,

the following information has been given to me by Sergej, RV3DR.
He asked me to forward it via packet radio. I hope it contains
some interesting facts for you.


vy 73
from Joerg, DL3LUM & Sergej, RV3DR

----------------------------------------------------------------

   CALL LIST OF COSMONAUTS ONBOARD "MIR" SPACE STATION
                  AND HAM HISTORY
	     by RV3DR - Sergej Samburov

Amateur radio on the board of the Soviet Space
station "MIR"  started on November 1988.
Equipment used:
Transceiver FT290R YAESU, 2m FM, 2.5 Watts output,
*** many thanks to UA6HZ,
antenna GP, specially installed.
144-146 MHz FM Voice.
The CALL was U#MIR ( U-USSR,#-HAM number cosmonaut,
MIR-space station "MIR")
U0MIR- collective  station call.
-------------------------------------------------------
#   CALL     NAME               # CREW    FLIGHT  DATE
----------------------------------------------------------
01 U1MIR  VLADIMIR TITOV           3    21.12.87-21.12.88
02 U2MIR  MUSA MANAROV             3    21.12.87-21.12.88
03 U3MIR  VALERY POLYAKOV        3/4    29.08.88-27.04.89
04 U4MIR  ALEKSANDR VOLKOV         4    26.11.88-27.04.89
05 U5MIR  SERGE KRIKALEV           4    26.11.88-27.04.89
06 U6MIR  ALEKSANDR VIKTORENKO     5    06.09.89-19.02.90
07 U7MIR  ALEKSANDR SEREBROV       5    06.09.89-19.02.90
08 U6MIR  ANATOLY SOLOVEYV         6    11.02.90-09.08.90
09 U7MIR  ALEKSANDR BALANDIN       6    11.02.90-09.08.90
10 U8MIR  GENNADY STREKALOV        7    01.08.90-10.12.90
11 U9MIR  GENNADY MANAKOV          7    01.08.90-10.12.90

From February 1991 new equipment installed:
Transceiver IC228A/H ICOM,2M FM, 5/25 Watts output,
same GP, TNC-PacComm HANDI PACKET packet controller
and IBM PC AT "Laptop".
144-148 MHz FM Voice and packet.
From 04.10.91 beginning AUSTRIAN HAM-Radio experiment
 AREMIR.
(AUSTRIAN device: transceiver DJ-120 "ALINCO", TNC-2 -
packet controller) Thanks to HAM AUSTRIA!!! Especially
to:OE3GPA,OE3MZA,OE6VND for very interesting experiment.
AREMIR -2M FM Voice, CW and packet beacon. And from
10.10.91 packet.
From 19.03.92  HAM-Radio experiment GERMANY-DVM MKF
Digital-Voice-Memory Microphone. Thanks to HAM GERMANY
and especially to DL9MH,DL2MDE.
CALL was U#MIR. PMS  CALL was U#MIR-1
U0MIR-call collective  station

12 U9MIR  VIKTOR AFANASIEV         8    02.12.90-26.05.91
13 U2MIR  MUSA MANAROV             8    02.12.90-26.05.91
14 U7MIR  ANATOLY ARTSEBARSKY      9    18.05.91-10.10.91
15 U5MIR  SERGE KRIKALEV         9/10   18.05.91-25.03.92
16 GB1MIR HELEN SHARMAN (ENGLAND)       18.05.91-26.05.91
17 U4MIR  ALEKSANDR VOLKOV         10   02.10.91-25.03.92
18 OE0MIR FRANZ  VIEHBOECK (AUSTRIA)    02.10.91-10.10.91
19 U6MIR  ALEKSANDR VIKTORENKO     11   17.03.92-10.08.92
20 U8MIR  ALEKSANDR KALERI         11   17.03.92-10.08.92
21 DP1MIR KLAUS FLADE ( GERMANY)        17.03.92-25.03.92
22 U6MIR  ANATOLY SOLOVEYV         12   26.07.92-01.02.93
23 U3MIR  SERGE AVDEYV             12   26.07.92-01.02.93
24 F5MIR  MICHEL TOGNINI (FRANCE)       26.07.92-10.08.92

From 01.01.1993 Amateur Radio continue activity, using the
same equipment.
Transceiver IC228A/H ICOM, 2M FM, 5/25 Watts output, GP
antenna,TNC-PacComm HANDI PACKET packet controller and
IBM PC AT "Laptop".
AREMIR:AUSTRIAN device: transceiver DJ-120  ALINCO,
TNC-2 - packet controller. AREMIR -2M FM Voice and packet.
GERMANY device-DVM MKF (Digital-Voice-Memory Microphone).

From 01.01.93 cosmonauts got new series  call R#MIR.
Old series U#MIR still valid.
CALL was R#MIR ( R-RUSSIA, #-HAM number cosmonaut,
MIR - space orbital complex "MIR".
R0MIR-call collective  station
R0MIR-1 - call PMS; F=145,55 MHz (PKT or voice).

25 U9MIR  GENNADY MANAKOV          13   24.01.93-22.07.93
26 R2MIR  ALEKSANDR POLESCHUK      13   24.01.93-22.07.93
27 R0MIR  op. VASILY ZIBLIEV       14   01.07.93-14.01.94
28 R0MIR  op. ALEKSANDR SEREBROV   14   01.07.93-14.01.94
29 F6MIR* JEAN-PIERRE HAIGNERE(FRANCE)  01.07.93-22.07.93
30 U9MIR  VIKTOR AFANASIEV         15   08.01.94-14.07.94
31 R3MIR  YURIJ USACHEV            15   08.01.94-14.07.94
32 U3MIR  VALERIJ POLYAKOV   15/16/17   08.01.94-22.03.95
33 R0MIR  op.YURIJ MALENCHENKO     16   01.07.94-02.11.94
34 R0MIR  op.TALGAT MUSABAEYV      16   01.O7.94-02.11.94
35 R0MIR  op.ALEKSANDR VIKTORENKO  17   03.10.94-22.03.95
36 R0MIR  op.YELENA KONDAKOVA - !  17   03.10.94-22.03.95
37 DP3MIR op.ULF MERBOLD (ESA-GERMANY)  03.10.94-02.11.94
38 U6MIR  GENNADY STREKALOV        18   14.03.95-07.07.95
39 R0MIR  op.VLADIMIR DEZHUROV     18   14.03.95-07.07.95
40 R0MIR  op.astronaut NASA - ???  18   14.03.95-07.07.95
41 R0MIR  op.ANATOLY SOLOVEYV      19   27.06.95-11.09.95
42 R4MIR  op.NIKOLAI BUDARIN       19   27.06.95-11.09.95
43 R0MIR  op.YURIJ GIDZENKO        20   03.09.95-29.02.96
44 U9MIR  SERGEI AVDEYV            20   03.09.95-29.02.96
45 DP0MIR op.T.Reiter (ESA-GERMANY)     03.09.95-29.02.96

#29 COSMONAUT (France) - use HAM Radio,bat his Amateur
Radio activity was not include in space programm.
Therefore I can not confirming QSQ with F6MIR !
ASTRONAUTS NASA #40 (NORMAN THAGARD) and #48
NOT INCLUDE HAM RADIO ACTIVITY IN SPACE PROGRAMM TODAY
*********************************************
From 11.11.95 new dual band antenna ⠭
ANT-GP/7700N, diamond 2m/70 cm,
From 11.11.95 new transceiver TM-733A KENWOOD
2m/70 cm, 5/50 W TX,
and TNC-SPIRIT-2 PacComm 9600 bps
From 26.05.96 docking of "PRIRODA" module to "MIR"
This module contains the new "SAFEX-II" equipment.
Testing started in July 1996, callsign RR0DL
REPEATER: 437.950 down / 435.750 up + CTCSS
PACKET:   437.975 down / 435.775 up
QSO:      437.925 down / 435.725 up + CTCSS
Due to testing phase CTCSS common not available currently.
******************************************************

	     PLANNING LIST - 1996/97

46 R0MIR  op.YURIJ ONUFRIYENKO     21   21.02.96-30.08.96
47 R3MIR  YURIJ USACHEV            21   21.02.96-30.08.96
48 R0MIR  op.astronaut NASA - ???         STS-76
49 R0MIR  op.GENNADY MANAKOV       22   14.08.96-22.02.97
50 R0MIR  op.PAVEL VINOGRADOV      22   14.08.96-22.02.97
51 R0MIR  op. ...... (FRANCE)           14.08.96-30.08.96
52 R0MIR  op.astronaut NASA - ???         STS-79
53 R0MIR  op.VASILY TSIBLEYEV      23   02.02.97-15.07.97
54 R0MIR  op.ALEKSANDR LAZUTKIN    23   02.02.97-15.07.97
55 DP0MIR op. ...... ( GERMANY )        02.02.97-22.02.97
56 R0MIR  op.astronaut NASA - ????        STS-81
57 U8MIR  ALEKSANDR KALERI         24   24.06.97-20.12.97
58 R0MIR  op.VALERIJ KORZUN        24   24.06.97-20.12.97
59 R0MIR  op. ...... ( FRANCE )         24.06.97-15.07.97
60 R0MIR  op.astronaut NASA - ????         STS-84
*********************************************************
45 DPOMIR op.Thomas.Reiter (ESA-GERMANY) - his call on Earth
   is DF4TR
48 R0MIR  op.astronaut NASA - SHANNON LUCID - she has no ham
   lincense. Shannon did not participate on the training course
   to use the ham equipment on space station "MIR". The head of
   R0MIR - RV3DR allowed her to perform QSO's under control of
   the Russian cosmonauts.
****************************************************
51 R0MIR  op.CLAUDI ANDRE-DECHAYS(FRANCE)
52 R0MIR  op.astronaut NASA - JOHN E.BLAHA STS-79
55 DP0MIR op.HANS SCHLEGEL/ REINHOLD EWALD (GERMANY)
56 R0MIR  op.astronaut NASA - JERRI M.LENENGER
59 R0MIR  op. ??? (FRANCE)
60 R0MIR  op.astronaut NASA - C.MICHAEL FOALE
*****************************************************

From 01.01.93 new QSL Space Manager for cosmonauts is RV3DR.
He also I confirms all QSOs with station MIR from 1988 on.
RV3DR-Sergej Samburov, MAIN Space "MIR" QSL Manager
Chief of Cosmonaut Amateur Radio Department at RSC "Energia"
All QSL's should be sent direct to address:
P.O.BOX 73, Kaliningrad-10 city,Moscow Area,141070,RUSSIA.
Send mails via packet: RV3DR@R0MIR or
RV3DR@RA3KP.#MSK.RUS.EU  BEST 73 *RV3DR*

Ŀ
 2-x way QSO (SWL RPRT) CFM by RV3DR - MAIN QSL manager   
 P.O.141070,BOX 73,Kaliningrad-10,Moscow Area,RUSSIA      
 In USA - N6HLJ-D.Larsen, P.O.Box 1501,Pine Grove CA      
 95665 USA; E-M doc@volcano.net                           
 In Europe-DF0VR/DLR Oberpfaffenhofen,Amateurfunkstation, 
 Postfach 1116,D-82230 Wessling,Germany                   
 DF0VR@DB0AAB.#BAY.DEU.EU                                 

 RV3DR-Chief of Cosmonaut Amateur Radio Department
 (Rocket Space Corporation) RSC "Energia"
 Chief of Space "MIR" amateur station  * R0MIR *
 and chief of club  station RSC "Energia"  * R3K *


**************************************************
Info DL3LUM
Packet: DL3LUM@DB0AAB.#BAY.DEU.EU
E-mail: joerg.hahn@dlr.de
phone:  +49-8153-28-2335 (QRL)
        +49-8105-386936  (home)
fax:    +49-8153-28-1135 (QRL)
Member of HAM Radio Group at DLR Oberpfaffenhofen,
club station DF0VR, SAFEX team, OV C-23 (Ammersee)
**************************************************

m/22.07.96

The following picture outlines the basic structure of the SAFEX
equipment. This equipment is installed on the PRIRODA module of
space station MIR.

Please note, some blocks are not included presently (1.2/2.4 GHz
and videocamera).


        ***  HAM - STATION - MIR *** SAFEX - RR0DL ***


           antenna-1  antenna-2               antenna-3
           144/430     430                    1.2/2.4
            MHz        MHz                    GHz
            L=0.5 m    L=0.5 m                L=0.35 m
                                           / \
          X  N        X               Ŀ
            N                   12V   out-site-unit  
          X  N        X         ͵   preamplifier  
                               10W    1.2/2.4 GHz   
                                   
                                      / \    / \
             cable     cable          / \    / \
                                             
                         п           
         Ĵ         Ĵ       Ĵ       Ĵ    Ĵ       outsite
  Ŀ
 Ĵ-------><----------><--------><--------><-----><----
  
         Ĵ         Ĵ       Ĵ       Ĵ    Ĵ       insite
                                    
                                     RX      TX
        Ŀ                    1.2 GHz      2.4 GHz
      ´  ¿                            
   Ĵ/ \ÿ                       Ĵ    Ĵ
        ٳ                   Ŀ
                         12V TRANSPONDER   
      filter  RX    TX       ͵ 1.2/2.4 GHz   
              430MHz           30Wij
   RX/TX                         70 MHz      
   144 MHz   Ĵ    Ĵ          27V  interface    
         Ŀ     ͵ TV and others 
          duplex filter          
                         
             Ĵ    Ĵ            Ŀ
                          27V  Videocamera  
                             ͵               
     Ŀ       
          transceiver     27V 50W
            repeater      ͻ
          TNC 9600 bps    12V                    
      DVR Voice A/D D/A   ͻ    
                           
              12V     Ŀ         
                                RS 232          
       Ŀ    Ŀ  
     ´    transceiver         PC (Laptop)     
   Ĵ      144 MHz           Packet Mailbox   27V
                              Voice  Mailbox  
              
                                                    
                              ͼ
                              
            to onboard power / \  27V / 50W



  mode 1: REPEATER
          downlink: 437.950 MHz
          uplink:   435.750 MHz + CTCSS

  mode 2: PACKET (9600 baud)
          downlink: 437.975 MHz
          uplink:   435.775 MHz NO CTCSS

  mode 3: QSO
          downlink: 437.925 MHz
          uplink:   435.725 MHz + CTCSS

  In mode 3 also the digital voice recorder DVR can be operated.


Further details will follow !!!


vy 73 from
Joerg, DL3LUM & Thomas, DL2MDE & Sergej, RV3DR


HAM Radio Group at
Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.
clubstation DF0VR
**************************************************
Info DL3LUM
Packet: DL3LUM@DB0AAB.#BAY.DEU.EU
E-mail: joerg.hahn@dlr.de
phone:  +49-8153-28-2335 (QRL)
        +49-8105-386936  (home)
fax:    +49-8153-28-1135 (QRL)
Member of HAM Radio Group at DLR Oberpfaffenhofen,
club station DF0VR, SAFEX team, OV C-23 (Ammersee)
**************************************************